Publications: Peer-reviewed journal articles (by staff)
Laboratory assessment of the antifouling potential of a soluble-matrix paint laced with the natural compound polygodial
Cahill PL, Heasman K et al 2013. Laboratory assessment of the antifouling potential of a soluble-matrix paint laced with the natural compound polygodial. Biofouling 29(8): 967-975.
Polygodial is a potent and selective inhibitor of ascidian metamorphosis that shows promise for controlling fouling by ascidians in bivalve aquaculture. The current study examined the potency of, and associated effects of seawater exposure on, a rosin-based soluble-matrix paint laced with 0.08-160ngpolygodialg(-1) wet paint matrix. Paint-coated surfaces were soaked in seawater for 0, 2, 4 or 12weeks prior to screening for antifouling activity using a bioassay based on the nuisance ascidian Ciona savignyi Herdman. Mortality was greater (mean 50% lethal concentration: 5 +/- 2ngg(-1); mean 75% lethal concentration: 17 +/- 4ngg(-1)) and metamorphosis was inhibited (mean 50% anti-metamorphic concentration: 2 +/- 0.4ngg(-1); mean 75% anti-metamorphic concentration: 15 +/- 10ngg(-1)) in C. savignyi larvae exposed to polygodial-laced soluble-matrix paints, relative to control paints without polygodial. Soaking in seawater prior to testing reduced the efficacy of the formulation up to nearly 12-fold, but even after soaking for 12weeks paints laced with polygodial at 160ngg(-1) wet paint matrix prevented 90% of the larvae of C. savignyi from completing metamorphosis. The outcome of this experiment provides a positive first step in evaluating the suitability of polygodial-laced soluble-matrix paints for use in aquaculture.