Publications: Peer-reviewed journal articles (by staff)

Changes in concentrations of microcystins in rainbow trout, freshwater mussels, and cyanobacteria in Lakes Rotoiti and Rotoehu

1 January, 2006
CITATION

Wood SA, Briggs LR et al 2006. Changes in concentrations of microcystins in rainbow trout, freshwater mussels, and cyanobacteria in Lakes Rotoiti and Rotoehu. Environmental Toxicology 21(3): 205-222.

ABSTRACT

Microcystin concentrations in cyanobacteria and their accumulation in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) and freshwater mussels (Hyridella menziesi) in Lakes Rotoiti and Rotoehu (New Zealand) were investigated. Hatchery rainbow trout were added to an enclosure in Lake Rotoiti where concentrations of microcystins in the phytoplankton and cyanobacterial cell concentrations could be closely monitored. Rainbow trout that were free to roam in the entire area of each lake were also included in the study. Freshwater mussels were suspended subsurface in cages in the enclosure. Phytoplankton samples, rainbow trout liver and muscle tissue, and the tissues of mussels were analyzed for microcystins using the ADDA-ELISA method, and selected samples were analyzed using LC-MS. A maximum concentration of microcystins in the phytoplankton samples of 760 mu g L-1 was recorded in Te Weta Bay, Lake Rotoiti, in March 2004. ELISA results confirmed microcystin immunoreactivity in rainbow trout liver and muscle tissues and in freshwater mussels. The microcystin congeners LR, YR, RR, AR, FR, LA, and WR were detected by LC-MS in caged freshwater mussels in Lake Rotoiti but were not detected in either muscle or liver tissue of rainbow trout. The daily tolerable intake limit of microcystins for human consumption recommended by the World Health Organisation is 0.04 mu g kg(-1) day(-1). Modeling was carried out for the human intake of microcystin compounds from rainbow trout muscle tissue, and the potential health risks were estimated, assuming the ADDA-ELISA was determining compounds of toxicity equivalent to microcystin-LR.

(c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.